Meristic and morphometric characteristics of the Black Sea salmon, Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814 culture line: an endemic species for Eastern Black Sea

  • Nazli Kasapoglu Department of Fisheries, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon, Turkey https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5526-778X
  • Ekrem Cem Çankırılıgil Department of Aquaculture, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon, Turkey https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5898-4469
  • Eyüp Çakmak Department of Aquaculture, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon, Turkey
  • Osman Tolga Özel Department of Aquaculture, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon, Turkey
Keywords: aquaculture, endemic, morphology, Salmo trutta labrax, threatened fish

Abstract

The Black Sea salmon Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814 is an essential species for the Turkish aquaculture sector, given increasing trends of the annual productions. To date, there are few studies on meristic and morphometric characteristics of this species. In this study, the fifth filial generation of the species was specified and studied for meristic and morphometric characteristics. The results obtained in this study were compared with available literature and a similarity was found between the study specimens and wild individuals. The morphological characteristics of any cultured species is valuable especially when a new culture generation is formed and therefore this study outcomes may provide important information to the literature.

References

Çakmak E, Çankırılıgil EC, Özel OT (2018) The fifth culture generation of Black Sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax): culture characteristics, meat yield and proximate composition. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 35: 103–110.

Çakmak E, Firidin S, Duzgunes ZD, Parlak R (2019) The age-dependent reproductive performance of 4th generation Black Sea trout (Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814) females. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 19: 496–502.

Çankırılıgil EC, Çakmak E, Özel OT, Kasapoglu N (2017) Black Sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax PALLAS, 1811) culture in Turkey and morphometric characteristics of fifth culture generation. In: Book of abstract. SEAB 2017, International Symposium on EuroAsian Biodiversity, Minsk, Belarus. p. 87.

European Commission (2010) Directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010 on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes. Official Journal of the European Union 276: 1–79.

Fischer W, Bauchot ML, Schneider M (1987) Méditer- ranée et Mer Noire Vol II, Fiches FAO d’Identification des Espèces pour le Besoin de la Pêche. FAO, Rome. pp. 1251–1252.

Froese R, Pauly D (2020) FishBase. www.fishbase.org, accessed on 1 April 2020.

GRID (1999) Biodiversity report Georgia ’99, endangered species. http://enrin.grida.no/biodiv/biodiv/national/georgia/State/species.htm. Accessed on 5 February 2020.

Islam MN, Joadder MAR (2005) Seasonal variation of the proximate composition of freshwater gobi, Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton) from the River Padma. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 8: 532–536.

Kasapoglu N, Cakmak E, Cankiriligil EC (2016) Differences between cultured and wild Black Sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax) otoliths: a comparative study. In: Book of Abstract. Conference: 41st CIESM Congress, Ecosystem Committee, Kiel, Germany. p. 519.

Kilkenny C, Browne WJ, Cuthill IC, Emerson M, Altman DG (2010) Improving bioscience research reporting: the ARRIVE guidelines for reporting animal research. PLoS Biology 8: e1000412.

Kottelat M, Freyhof J (2007) Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Berlin, Germany.

Liu Y, Rosten TW, Henriksen K, Hognes ES, Summerfelt S, Vinci B (2016) Comparative economic performance and carbon footprint of two farming models for producing Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): land-based closed containment system in freshwater and open net pen in seawater. Aquacultural Engineering 71: 1–12.

Oanta GA (2015) The Black Sea Biodiversity and Landscape Conservation Protocol to the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution 2002. In: Faure M (Ed) Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law. Edward Elgar Publishing, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Okumuş İ, Kurtoğlu İZ, Atasaral Ş (2004) General overview of Turkish sea trout (Salmo trutta L.) Populations. In: Harris G, Milner N (Ed) Sea trout: biology, conservation and management. Blackwell Publishing, Cardiff, UK.

Rawat S, Benakappa S, Kumar J, Kumar ASN, Pandey G, Pema CW (2017) Identification of fish stocks based on Truss Morphometric: a review. Journal of Fisheries and Life Sciences 21: 9–11.

Slastenenko E (1956) Karadeniz havzası balıkları. In: Karadeniz havzası balıkları. Et ve Balık Kurumu Umum Müdürlüğü, Istanbul, Turkey (in Turkish).

Svetovidov AN (1984). Salmonidae. In: Whitehead PJP, Bauchot LM, Hureau JC, Nielsen J, Tortonese E (Eds) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, France.

Tabak I, Aksungur M, Zengin M, Yilmaz C, Aksungur N, Alkan A, Zengin B, Misir M (2001) Karadeniz alabalığının biyo-ekolojik özelliklerinin ve kültür imkanlarının araştırılması. Trabzon, Turkey (in Turkish).

TSI (2018) Turkish Statistical Institution. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/. Accessed on 1 April 2020.

Published
2020-09-16
How to Cite
Kasapoglu, N., Çankırılıgil, E. C., Çakmak, E., & Özel, O. T. (2020). Meristic and morphometric characteristics of the Black Sea salmon, Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814 culture line: an endemic species for Eastern Black Sea. Journal of Fisheries. Retrieved from http://journal.bdfish.org/index.php/fisheries/article/view/JFish20250
Section
Short Communications