Fry production, induced breeding practices and cost-profit analysis of the hatcheries of Rajshahi district in Bangladesh

Naima Aktar, Abdus Salam Bhuiyan, M Nazrul Islam

Abstract


This study was conducted on the 13 hatcheries of Rajshahi district from March to December 2013 to know about the fry production status, induced breeding practices and cost-profit status. Average fry production of Labeo rohita, 93.38±83.32 kg, Catla catla, 62.00±60.84 kg, Cirrhinus cirrhosus, 77.46±58.61 kg, L. calbasu, 14.20±14.60 kg, L. bata, 53.73±50.56 kg, L. gonia, 10.00±0 kg, Heteropneustes fossilis, 5.00±0 kg, Clarias batrachus, 20.00±0 kg, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, 149.77±138.45 kg, Aristichthys nobilis, 104.54±148.11 kg, Ctenopharyngodon idella, 19.20±15.35 kg, Cyprinus carpio 108.08±77.39 kg and Barbonymus gonionotus, 23.10±14.04 kg were recorded in the surveyed hatcheries. Two types of hormone injections PG (pituitary gland) and HCG (Human chorionic gonadotropin) were used for induced breeding. The rate of 1st dose of injection of PG varied from 1 to 2 mg/kg and HCG from 100-150 IU/kg and the rate of 2nd dose of injection of PG varied between 5 and 8 mg/kg. The incubation period and hatching rate in different fish species varied from 10 to 72 hours and 55% to 80%, respectively. The average total cost, gross return and net profit of the hatcheries were 0.667±0.798, 1.152±1.636 and 0.485±0.846 million BDT respectively.

Keywords


Fish fry; hatchery; induced breeding; inducing agents; PG; HCG; brood fishes; hatching; cost-return-profit

Full Text:

PDF (237 KB) HTML

References


Ahmed N (1945) Factors influencing the spawning of Indian carps. Symposium of the Factors influencing the spawning of Indian carps. Proceedings of the National Institute of Science India 11(3): 329.

Alam MM and Bhuiyan AS (1999) Determination of the optimum PG dose for induced spawning of Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822). University Journal of Zoology Rajshahi University 18: 103-108.

Ali MH (1967) Induced breeding of major carps in ponds by pituitary hormone injection. Agriculture Information Service, Dhaka.

Alikunhi KH, Sukumaran KK, Parameswaran S and Banerjee SC (1964) Preliminary observations on commercial breeding of Indian carps under controlled temperature in the laboratory. Bulletin of the Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore 3: 20.

Alikunhi KH, Vijayalakshman MA and Ibrahim KH (1960) Preliminary observation on the spawning on Indian carps, induced by injection of pituitary hormone. Indian Journal of Fisheries 7(1): 1-19.

Atz JW and Pickford GE (1959) The use of pituitary hormones in fish culture. Endeavour 18(71): 125-129.

Bhuiyan AS, Musa ASM and Islam MK (2008) Some observations on the induced spawning of Labeo rohita (Hamilton; 1822) by pituitary hormone injection. Bangladesh Journal of Life Sciences 20(1): 89-94.

Bhuyan AS and Aktar N (2011) Observation on the induced spawning practices in the hatcheries of Rajshahi district of Bangladesh. Journal of Life and Earth Science 6: 65-68.

Bhuyan AS, Akther S and Aktar N (2011) Present status and fish seed production of the hatcheries of six upazilas of Rajshahi district. University Journal of Zoology Rajshahi University 30: 29-32. DOI: 10.3329/ujzru.v30i0.10743

Chaudhuri H (1976) Uses of hormones in induced spawning of carps. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 33: 940-947.

Chaudhuri H (1977) Experiments on induced spawning of Indian carps with pituitary injections. Indian Journal of Fisheries 7(11): 20-24.

Das SM and Khan HA (1962) The pituitary and pisciculture in India with an account of the pituitary of some Indian fishes and review of techniques and literature on the subject. Icthybiologica 1: 43-58.

DoF (2013) National Fish Week Compendium 2013. Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 144 pp (in Bengali)

DoF (2014) National Fish Week Compendium 2014 (in Bengali). Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 144 pp (in Bengali)

Fontenel O (1955) Injecting pituitary (hypophyseal) hormones into fish to induce spawning. Progressive Fish-Culturist 17(2): 71-75.

Haque KA (1975) Some observations on the induced spawning of major carps by pituitary hormone injection. Freshwater Fisheries Research Station, Chandpur Bulletin 1: 19-33.

Hossain DG and Siddiqui AB (2009) Present status of hatcheries and fish production of Rajshahi. BSS, Rajshahi, Bangladesh. 2 p.

Islam MN, Chowdhury MFR and Mohsin ABM (2002) Role of hatchery in the fish culture development of Rajshahi district in Bangladesh. University Journal of Zoology Rajshahi University 21: 73-76.

Khan H (1938) Ovulation in fish. (effect of administration of anterior lobe of pituitary gland). Current Science 7(5): 233-234.

Khan HA, Gupta SD and Tantia MS (1992) A new method to induced spermiation, ovulation and spawning by hypophysation in the Indian major carp Labeo rohita. Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics 7(2): 143-150.

Mahanta PC, Rao KG and Pandev AK (1998) Induced spawning of an Indian major carp, Labeo rohita in the same breeding season under the agroclimatic conditions of Assam. Journal of Advanced Zoology 19(2): 99-101.

Mirza ZS, Naik IU and Bhatti MZ (1993) Induced spawning of Indian major carps using carp pituitary homogenate and human chorionic gonadotropin in the Punjab (Pakistan). Proceedings of the Pakistan Congress of Zoology 12: 423-428.

Mohsin ABM, Islam MN, Hossain MA and Galib SM (2012) Cost-benefit analyses of carp polyculture in ponds: a survey study in Rajshahi and Natore districts of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Environmental Science 23: 103-107

Moitra SK and Sarker SK (1978) On the potency of the pituitary gland extract in relation to spawning in an Indian fresh water carp. Cirrhina mrigala (Ham.) Zoologischer Anzeiger Jena 3(4): 275-282.

Singh BN, Das RC, Sahu AK and Pandey AK (2000) Balanced diet for the brood stock of Catla catla and Labeo rohita and induced breeding performance using ovaprim. Journal of Advanced Zoology 21(2): 92-97.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17017/jfish.v2i3.2014.61

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





| Intellectual property: The Author(s) | Publication property: BdFISH | All contents of this site are protected under CC BY-NC-SA license. |
| The opinions expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of BdFISH. |

| Editor-in-Chief: Professor MN Islam | Editorial Team | Principal Contact |

| Note: If you unable to register as a new author or submit a manuscript through user panel, you may submit your manuscript through our editorial email (editor.journal@bdfish.org). |

| BdFISH Journal: The Scientific Publication of BdFISH (Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home) |