Food aid programme during restricted hilsa fishing period: effectiveness and management perspective

  • Md. Mahamudul Hasan Mredul Department of Aquaculture, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
  • Md. Ektear Uddin Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
  • A K M Kanak Pervez Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Extension, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh
  • Farhana Yesmin Department of Aquaculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Antara Binte Akkas Faculty of Fisheries, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Keywords: Fishing restriction period, fishing ban, food assistance, hilsa fisher, livelihood, hilsa conservation

Abstract

Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is geographically and economically important species in Bangladesh. To conserve hilsa, the government of Bangladesh has introduced fishing ban for certain periods of the year and also provides food assistance to hilsa fishers during the restriction period. Inadequate management often pushes real fishers out of the assistance programme and therefore, this study focused on assessing the effectiveness of the programme with a view to proposing a better management practice. A total of 202 randomly selected fishermen, living in the villages adjacent to Andharmanik River of Patuakhali district of Bangladesh, were interviewed. The Andharmanik River is famous for the natural breeding of hilsa. Results suggest that the amount of food provided and its distribution pattern were not that effective for the fishermen. Effectiveness was significantly related to the number of earning able family member, income difference between peak and restricted season and loan facility during the restriction period. This study also explained income difference trajectories of the fishermen community. Community-based management with facilitation by the state fisheries department and local government entity may enhance the programme effectiveness. More awareness programme and research are needed in this regard.

References

Ahmed M, Capistrano AD, Hossain M (1997) Experience of partnership models for the co-management of Bangladesh fisheries. Fisheries Management and Ecology 4(3): 233–248.

Ahsan DA, Naser MN, Mhaumik U, Hazra S, Bhattacharya SB, Foundation A (2014) Migration, spawning patterns and conservation of hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha) in Bangladesh and India. Dialogue for Sustainable Management of Trans-boundary Water Regimes in South Asia. New Delhi: ICUN.

Alam MS (2012) Hilsa fisheries management in Bangladesh: a paradigm in natural resources conservation. Hilsa: status of fishery and potential for aquaculture. In: Proceedings of the regional Workshop held in Dhaka, Bangladesh. pp. 224–238.

Bavinck M, Pellegrini L, Mostert E (2014) Conflicts over natural resources in the global south: conceptual approaches. CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, USA.

BBS (2011) Statistical yearbook of Bangladesh 2010. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistic, Dhaka, Bangladesh: Academic Foundation. Retrieved from www.bbs.gov.bd

Béné C (2009) Are fishers poor or vulnerable? Assessing economic vulnerability in small-scale fishing communities. The Journal of Development Studies 45(6): 911–933.

Ben-Yami (2000) Risks and dangers in small-scale fisheries: an overview. ILO Working Papers. Retrieved from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ilo/ilowps/993427803402676.html

Bladon AJ, Mohammed EY, Ali L, Milner-Gulland EJ (2018b) Developing a frame of reference for fisheries management and conservation interventions. Fisheries Research 208: 296–308.

Bladon AJ, Mohammed EY, Hossain B, Kibria G, Ali L, Milner-Gulland EJ (2018a) Evaluating the ecological and social targeting of a compensation scheme in Bangladesh. PLoS ONE 13(6): e0197809.

Bladon AJ, Short KM, Mohammed EY, Milner-Gulland EJ (2014) Payments for ecosystem services in developing world fisheries. Fish and Fisheries 17(3): 839–859.

Brugere C, McAndrew K, Brugere C, McAndrew K, Bulcock P (2001) Does cage aquaculture address gender goals in development? Results of a case study in Bangladesh. Aquaculture Economics and Management 5: 179–189.

Cinner JE (2009) Poverty and the use of destructive fishing gear near east African marine protected areas. Environmental Conservation 36(4): 321–326.

DDM (2019) VGF food distribution among hilsa fishermen for not fishing jatka). Department of Digester Management, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Deb AK (2018) 'Surrender to nature': Worldviews and rituals of the small-scale coastal fishers of Bangladesh. Marine Policy 92: 1–12.

DoF (2017) Yearbook of fisheries statistics of Bangladesh 2016-17. Fisheries Resources Survey System (FRSS), Department of Fisheries, Bangladesh.

Downing T (1991) Vulnerability to hunger in Africa. Global Environmental Change 1(5): 365–380.

Flowra FA, Alam MB, Hossain MA, Samad MA, Galib SM (2009) Livelihood aspects of fishermen of the Dahia Beel under Natore District, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Progressive Science and Technology 7(2): 283–284.

Galib SM, Hoque MN, Akter S, Chaki N, Mohsin ABM (2016) Livelihood, climate change and fisheries: a case study of three fishing communities of northwestern Bangladesh. International Research Journal of Social Sciences 5(8): 18–25.

Gauvin C, Uchida E, Rozelle S, Xu J, Zhan J (2009) Cost-effectiveness of payments for ecosystem services with dual goals of environment and poverty alleviation. Environmental Management 45(3): 488–501.

Haldar GC, Ali L (2014) The cost of compensation transaction and administration costs of hilsa fish management in Bangladesh. Produced by IIED's Sustainable Markets Group.

Haroon Y (1998) Hilsa shad: fish for the teeming millions, new management alternatives needed for the hilsa young. Shad Journal 3: 7.

Hossain MAR, Das I, Genevier L, Hazra S, Rahman M, Barange M, Fernandes JA (2019) Biology and fisheries of hilsa shad in Bay of Bengal. Science of the Total Environment 651: 1720–1734.

Hossain MS, Sharifuzzaman SM, Rouf MA, Pomeroy RS, Hossain MD, Chowdhury SR, AftabUddin S (2018) Tropical hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha): biology, fishery and management. Fish and Fisheries 20(1): 44–65.

Islam MM (2012) Poverty in small-scale fishing communities in Bangladesh: Contexts and responses. Bremen International Graduate school Marine science. PhD dissertation Bremen, Germany.

Islam MM, Aktar R, Nahiduzzaman M, Barman B, Wahab MA (2018) Social considerations of large river sanctuaries: a case study from the hilsa shad fishery in Bangladesh. Sustainability 10(4): 1254.

Islam MM, Islam N, Sunny AR, Jentoft S, Ullah MH, Sharifuzzaman SM (2016a) Fishers' perceptions of the performance of hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha) sanctuaries in Bangladesh. Ocean and Coastal Management 130: 309–316.

Islam MM, Mohammed EY, Ali L (2016b) Economic incentives for sustainable hilsa fishing in Bangladesh: an analysis of the legal and institutional framework. Marine Policy 68: 8–22.

Islam MM, Sallu S, Hubacek K, Paavola J (2014) Limits and barriers to adaptation to climate variability and change in Bangladeshi coastal fishing communities. Marine Policy 43: 208–216.

Islam MM, Shamsuzzaman MM, Mojumder MMH, Xiangmin X, Ming Y, Jewel MAS (2017) Exploitation and conservation of coastal and marine fisheries in Bangladesh: do the fishery laws matter? Marine Policy 76: 143–151.

Islam MR, Hoque MN, Galib SM, Rahman MA (2013) Livelihood of the fishermen in Monirampur Upazila of Jessore district, Bangladesh. Journal of Fisheries 1(1): 37–41.

Kabir SM, Yew TS, Noh KM, Hook LS (2013) Assessment of governance of fisher communities of inland openwater fisheries in Bangladesh. Ocean and Coastal Management 80: 20–88.

Malakar K, Mishra T, Patwardhan A (2018) Perceptions of multi-stresses impacting livelihoods of marine fishermen. Marine Policy 97: 18–26.

Miah MS (2015) Climatic and anthropogenic factors changing spawning pattern and production zone of hilsa fishery in the Bay of Bengal. Weather and Climate Extremes 7: 109–115.

Mohammed E (2013) Incentive-based hilsa fish conservation and management in Bangladesh: prospects and challenges. Workshop report, March 24 – 25. London. Retrieved from www.iied.org

Mohammed EY, Wahab MA (2013) Direct economic incentives for sustainable fisheries management: the case of hilsa conservation in Bangladesh. London. Retrieved from http://pubs.iied.org/16527IIED/

Mome MA (2007) The potential of the artisanal hilsa fishery in Bangladesh: an economically efficient fisheries policy. Retrieved from http://www.unuftp.is/static/fellows/document/masud07prf.pdf

Morrill JC, Bales RC, Conklin MH (2004) Estimating stream temperature from air temperature: implications for future water quality. Journal of Environmental Engineering 131(1): 139–146.

Mozumder M, Wahab M, Sarkki S, Schneider P, Islam M (2018). Enhancing social resilience of the coastal fishing communities: a case study of hilsa (Tenualosa Ilisha H.) fishery in Bangladesh. Sustainability 10(10): 3501.

Mukaka MM (2012) Statistics corner: a guide to appropriate use of correlation coefficient in medical research. Malawi Medical Journal 24(3): 69–71.

Murshed-e-Jahan K, Belton B, Viswanathan KK (2014) Communication strategies for managing coastal fisheries conflicts in Bangladesh. Ocean and Coastal Management 92: 65–73.

Payne I (2000) The changing role of fisheries in development policy. Natural Resource Perspectives No. 59, Department for International Development, London.

Persson M, Alpízar F (2013) Conditional cash transfers and payments for environmental services- a conceptual framework for explaining and judging differences in outcomes. World Development 43: 124–137.

Pervez AKMK, Gao Q, Zeng Y, Uddin ME (2017) Hybrid rice: Bangladesh's failure and China's success. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International 10: 1–10.

Pervez AKMK, Uddin ME, Shah A, Prodhan F, Sheikh M (2018) Fuzzy-Likert scale based assessment of marketing risk faced by the hybrid rice growers of Bangladesh. Economics of Agriculture 66(1): 9–22

Porras I, Mohammed EY, Ali L, Ali MS, Hossain MB (2017) Power, profits and payments for ecosystem services in hilsa fisheries in Bangladesh: a value chain analysis. Marine Policy 84: 60–68.

Rahman MM, Haque SM, Galib SM, Islam MA, Parvez MT, Hoque MN, Wahab MA, Egna H, Brown C (2020) Mud crab fishery in climate vulnerable coastal Bangladesh: an analysis towards sustainable development. Aquaculture International. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-020-00523-2

Sarker MJ, Uddin AMMB, Patwary SA Md, Tanmay MH, Rahman F, Rahman M (2016) Livelihood status of hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) fishermen of greater Noakhali regions of Bangladesh. Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal 7: 2.

Shamsuzzaman MM, Islam MM (2018). Analysing the legal framework of marine living resources management in Bangladesh: towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal 14. Marine Policy 87: 255–262.

Siddique MAL (2009) Conservation of juvenile hilsa (jatka) in Bangladesh: need to address the livelihood of fishers. American Fisheries Society Symposium 69: 757–768.

Sunny AR, Hassan MN, Mahashin M, Nahiduzzaman M (2017) Present status of hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha) in Bangladesh: a review. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6): 2099–2105.

van Brakel ML, Haque ABM, Nahiduzzaman M, Rahman MJ, Mustafa MG, Wahab MA (2018) Reimagining large-scale open-water fisheries governance through adaptive comanagement in hilsa shad sanctuaries. Ecology and Society 23(1): 26.

World Bank (1992) A strategy for fisheries development. Fisheries Series Discussion Papers No. 135, World Bank, Washington DC.

Wright CS (1990) Is poverty in fishing communities a matter of tragedy or choice? Proceedings of the Biennial Conference of the International Institute for Fisheries Economics (IIFET), Santiago, Chilli.

Published
2020-04-22
How to Cite
Mredul, M. M. H., Uddin, M. E., Pervez, A. K. M. K., Yesmin, F., & Akkas, A. B. (2020). Food aid programme during restricted hilsa fishing period: effectiveness and management perspective. Journal of Fisheries, 8(1), 752-761. Retrieved from http://journal.bdfish.org/index.php/fisheries/article/view/JFish20144