Production and economics of Gangetic mystus (Mystus cavasius) farming under different feed restriction periods in cages of floodplain ecosystem
High feed cost is a major problem for the promotion of a nutrient rich fish like Gangetic mystus (Mystus cavasius) in cages under floodplain ecosystem. To address this problem, production and economics of cage farming of Gangetic mystus were evaluated under different feed restriction periods in Atrai River of Chalan Beel. Four feed restriction periods were tested in floating cages under four different treatments (T1-0 day i.e., regular feeding, T2-1 day, T3-2 days, and T4-3 days feed restriction per week). Fish were fed twice daily with commercial floating pellet containing 32% protein. Water quality parameters (water temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH and ammonia-nitrogen) were within the suitable range for fish culture. Final weight, weight gain, % weight gain, average daily gain, specific growth rate and survival rate were found significantly higher at treatment T1 whereas a better feed conversion ratio was observed in T2. Significantly higher fish production and benefit were also obtained from treatment T2. The present study concluded that Gangetic mystus with a stocking density of 50 fish m–3 fed with 32% protein containing feed maintaining 1 day feeding restriction per week are economically feasible for cage culture in running water.
Abd El-Hack ME, El-Saadony MT, Nader MM, Salem HA, ... Khafaga AF (2022) Effect of environmental factors on growth performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). International Journal of Biometeorology, 66: 2183–2194.
Abdel-Hakim NF, Abo State HA, Al-Azab AA, El Kholy FK (2009) Effect of feeding regimes on growth performance of juvenile hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis aureus). World Journal of Agricultural Science 5(1): 49–54.
Aderolu AZ, Lawal MO, Eziefula PN, Ahaiwe EE (2017) Feeding frequency and feeding regime in catfish: effects on nutrient utilization, growth, biochemical and haematological parameters. Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade) 62(4): 395–410.
Al-Shammari ST, Al-Jumaily JS, Al-Satorei KK (2019) Financial & economical evaluation of cage floating fish culture projects in Babylon province for the production seasons (2015-2016). Tikrit Journal for Agricultural Sciences 18(3): 146–156.
Ara J, Jewel AS, Hossain A, Ayenuddin M (2020) Determination of suitable species for cage fish farming in Chalan Beel, Bangladesh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 8(2): 315–320.
Asaduzzaman M, Wahab MA, Verdegem MCJ, Adhikary RK, Rahman SMS (2010) Effects of carbohydrate source for maintaining a high C: N ratio and fish driven re-suspension on pond ecology and production in periphyton-based freshwater prawn culture systems. Aquaculture 301: 37–46.
Begum N, Islam MS, Haque AKMF, Suravi IN (2017) Growth and yield of monosex tilapia Oreochromis niloticus in floating cages fed commercial diet supplemented with probiotics in freshwater pond, Sylhet. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 45(1): 27–36.
Bolivar RB, Jimenez EBT, Christopher LB (2006) Alternate-day feeding strategy for Nile tilapia grow out in the Philippines: marginal cost–revenue analyses. North American Journal of Aquaculture 68: 192–197.
Boyd CE (1998) Water quality for fish pond. Aquaculture Research and Development Series No. 43. Auburn University, Alabama, USA. 37 pp.
Dwyer KS, Brown JA, Parrish C, Lall SP (2002) Feeding frequency affects food consumption, feeding pattern and growth of juvenile yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea). Aquaculture 213: 279–292.
Gandotra R, Kumari R, Parihar DS (2015) Impact of varied dietary protein on the growth performance of the juveniles of Labeo rohita. Journal of Environmental Biology 2(3): 652–655.
Gaylord IG, Gatlin III DM (2000) Assessment of compensatory growth in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus R. and associated changes in body condition indices. Journal of the world Aquaculture Society 31(3): 326–336.
Gomez KA, Gomez AA (1984) Statistical procedure for agricultural research 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 697 pp.
Hosen MHA, Pervin R, Shahriar SIM (2017) Changes in growth performances, survival rate and water quality parameter of pond on different stocking density of Gulsha Tengra (Mystus cavasius) in a monoculture system. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 5(6): 52–56.
Hossain MA, Haque MA, Mondol MMR, Harun-Ur-Rashid M, Das SK (2022) Determination of suitable stocking density for good aquaculture practice-based carp fattening in ponds under drought-prone areas of Bangladesh. Aquaculture 547: 737485.
Islam MM, Hossain MA, Razzak MA, Mondol MMR, Alam MA (2021) Improvement of existing fattening technology of carp and high valued small indigenous species (SIS) through good aquaculture practices (GAP) in different agro-ecosystems. Sub-Project Completion Report, BARC, Bangladesh. 137 pp.
Jewel MAS, Husain MI, Haque MA, Sarker MAA, Khatun MS, ... Akter S (2018) Development of low cost formulated quality feed for growth performance and economics of Labeo rohita cultured in cage. AACL Bioflux 11(5): 1486–1494.
Kunda M, Chowdhury S, Harun-Al-Rashid A, Islam MA, Ray D, Pandit D (2022) Finding the suitable catfish species for cage aquaculture in a freshwater swamp. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries 26(6): 1285–1299.
Limbu SM, Jumanne K (2014) Effect of restricted and re-feeding regime on feeding cost, growth performance, feed utilization and survival rate of mixed sex Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus cultured in tanks. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 2(1): 118–123.
Mondal MN, Shahin J, Wahab MA, Asaduzzaman M, Yang Y (2010) Comparison between cage and pond production of Thai climbing perch (Anabas testudineus) and tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) under three management systems. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University 8: 313–322.
Munguti J, Odame H, Kirimi J, Obiero K, Ogello E, Liti D (2021) Fish feeds and feed management practices in the Kenyan aquaculture sector: challenges and opportunities. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management 24(1): 82–89.
Obirikorang KA, Amisah S, Fialor SC, Skov P V (2015) Digestibility and postprandial ammonia excretion in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fed diets containing different. Aquaculture international 23(5): 1249–1260.
Otubusin SO (1987) Effect of different levels of blood meal in pelleted feeds on tilapia, Oreochomis niloticus, production in floating bamboo net-cages. Aquaculture 65: 263–266.
Rahman MA, Marimuthu K (2010) Effect of different stocking density on growth, survival and production of endangered native fish climbing perch (Anabas testudineus, Bloch) fingerlings in nursery ponds. Advances in Environmental Biology 4(2): 178–187.
Tian X, Fang J, Dong S (2010) Effects of starvation and recovery on the growth, metabolism and energy budget of juvenile tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). Aquaculture 310: 122–129.
Tian X, Qin JG (2003) A single phase of food deprivation provoked compensatory growth in barramundi Lates calcarifer. Aquaculture 224: 169–179.
Umaru J, Auta J, Oniye SJ, Bolorunduro PI (2016) Growth and economic performance of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) juveniles to imported and local feeds in floating bamboo cages. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 4(2): 221–226.
Upadhyay A, Swain HS, Das BK, Ramteke MH, Kumar V, ... Das AK (2022) Stocking density matters in open water cage culture: influence on growth, digestive enzymes, haemato-immuno and stress responses of Puntius sarana (Ham, 1822). Aquaculture 547: 737445.
Urbinati EC, Sarmiento SJ, Takahashi LS (2014) Short-term cycles of feed deprivation and refeeding promote full compensatory growth in the Amazon fish matrinxã (Brycon amazonicus). Aquaculture 433: 430–433.
Zaldua N, Naya DE (2014) Digestive flexibility during fasting in fish: a review. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 169A: 7–14.
Zhu X, Cui Y, Ali M, Wootton RJ (2001) Comparison of compensatory growth responses of juvenile three‐spined stickleback and minnow following similar food deprivation protocols. Journal of Fish Biology 58(4): 1149–1165.
Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Fisheries
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.