Ligula intestinalis infection of Pseudorasbora parva in Hirfanlı Dam Lake, Kırşehir, Turkey

  • Semra Benzer Gazi University, Gazi Faculty of Education, 06500, Teknikokullar, Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Parasite, Ligula intestinalis, Pseudorasbora parva, Hirfanlı Dam Lake


Ligula intestinalis was found during the parasitological investigations of Pseudorasbora parva specimens collected from Hirfanlı Dam Lake, Turkey. It was found that 8.78% of all specimens were infected with L. intestinalis including 17 female (3.8%) and 22 males (4.95%). It was determined that the length–weight relationship equivalents of infected individuals with population differed from those of non-infected individuals. The b value of the infected individuals was found to be lower than the b value of the non-infected individuals. It is thought that the results obtained in this study will be beneficial in preserving and improving the ecological potential of the lake.


Akmirza A (2007) Ligula intestinalis (L., 1758) plerocercoidlerinin acı balığın (Rhodeus amarus Bloch, 1782) büyümesi üzerine etkisi. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 13: 155–160 (in Turkish).

Arme C, Owen R (1968) Occurrence and pathology of Ligula intestinalis infections British fishes. Journal of Parasitology 54(2): 272– 280.

Arslan MÖ, Yılmaz M, Taşçı GT (2015) Infections of Ligula intestinalis on freshwater fish in Kars plateau of north-eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Turkiye Parazitol Derg 39(39): 218–221.

Arslan P, Özeren SC (2019) Growth biology of the topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) from Lake Mogan (Ankara, Turkey). Ankara University Journal of Environmental Sciences 7(1): 47–55.

Barus V, Prokes M (2002) Length and weight of Ligula intestinalis plerocercoids (Cestoda) parasitizing adult cyprinid fishes (Cyprinidae): a comparative analysis. Helminthologia 39: 29–34.

Bauer ON (1965) Parasites of freshwater fish and the biological basins for their control. Israel Program Scientific Translations, Jerusalem.

Benzer R, Benzer S (2018) Growth and length–weight relationships of Pseudorasbora parva (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) in Hirfanlı Dam Lake: comparison with traditional and artificial neural networks approaches. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. DOI: 10.22092/ijfs.2018.119889.

Benzer S, Benzer R, Gül A (2016) Developments in science and engineering. St. Kliment Ohridski University Presssofia. Chapter 5: Artificial Neural Networks Application for biological systems: the case study of Pseudorasbora parva. ISBN 978-954-07-4137-6.

Bouzid W, Stefka J, Hypsa V, Lek S, Scholz T, Legal L, Ben Hassıne OK, Loot G (2008) Geography and host specificity: Two forces behind the genetic structure of the freshwater fish parasite Ligula intestinalis (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidae). International Journal for Parasitology 38(12): 1465–1479.

Bozorgnia A, Youssefi MR, Barzegar M, Hosseinifard SM, Ebrahimpour S (2012) Biodiversity of parasites of fishes in Gheshlagh (Vahdat) Reservoir, Kurdistan Province, Iran. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences 4: 249–253.

Brown SP, Loot G, Teriokhin A, Guégan J–F (2002) Host manipulation by Ligula intestinalis: a case or consequence of parasite aggregation? International Journal for Parasitology 32: 817–824.

Carter V, Pierce R, Dufour S, Arme C, Hoole D (2005) The tapeworm Ligula intestinalis (Cestoda, Pseudophyllidae) inhibits LH expression and puberty in its teleost host, Rutilus rutilus. Reproduction 130: 939–945.

Demirtaş M, Altındağ A (2011) The seasonal distribution of bream fish (Abramis brama L. 1758) helminthes parasites living in Terkos Lake. KSÜ Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 14(3): 12–18.

Dence WA (1958) Studies on Ligula-infected common shiners (Notropis cornutus frontalis) in the Adirondacks. Journal of Parasitology 44: 334–338.

DSİ (1968) Limminological survey report of Hirfanli Dam Lake, Ankara, Turkey.

Dubinina MN (1980) Tapeworms (Cestoda, Ligulidae) of the fauna of the U.S.S.R. American Publishing Company, Springfield, Va. New Delhi.

Ergönül MB, Altındağ A (2005a) The occurrence and dynamics of Ligula intestinalis in its cyprinid fish host, tench, Tinca tinca, in Mogan Lake (Ankara, Turkey). Veterinary Medicine- Czech 50: 537–542.

Ergönül MB, Altındağ A (2005b) The effects of Ligula intestinalis plerocercoids on the growth features of tench, Tinca tinca in Mogan Lake (Ankara, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science 29: 1337–1341.

Froese R (2006) Cube law, condition factor and weight–length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 22(4): 241–253.

Gholami Z, Akhlaghi M, Esmaeili HR (2011) Infection of Aphanius dispar (Holly, 1929) with Ligula intestinalis plerocercoids in Mehran River, Hormuzgan province, south of Iran. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 10(2): 346–351.

Gozlan RE, Britton JR, Cowx I, Copp GH (2010) Current knowledge on non‐native freshwater fish introductions. Journal of Fish Biology 76(4): 751–786.

Groves KL, Shields BA (2001) Observations on the plerocercoid stage of the tapeworm Ligula in three species of fish from the lower crooked river of central Oregon. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 13(3): 285–289.

Hajirostamloo M (2008) The occurrence and parasite-host of Ligula intestinalis in Sattarkhan Lake (East AzerbaijanIran). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 7(3): 221–225.

Hoole D, Carter V, Dufour S (2010) Ligula intestinalis (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidae): an ideal fish-metazoan parasite model? Parasitology 137: 425–438.

Huo TB, Jiang ZF, Karjan A, Wang ZC, Tang FJ, Yu HX (2012) Length–weight relationships of 16 fish species from the Tarim River, China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 28(1): 152–153.

İlhan A, Sarı HM (2015) Length-weight relationships of fish species in Marmara Lake, West Anatolia, Turkey. Croatian Journal of Fisheries 73(1): 30–32.

İnnal D, Keskin N (2006) The Infection of European chub (Leusciscus cephalus L., 1758) with Ligula Intestinalis plerocercoids in Çamkoru Lake (Turkey). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 5(2): 108–110.

İnnal D, Keskin N, Erkakan F (2007) Distribution of Ligula intestinalis (L.) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 7: 19–22.

Kelle A (1978) Effect of Ligula intestinalis (L.) on some fish species rate of mass and weight biometric characteristics. Ege University Science Journal 2: 95–107.

Kırankaya SG, Ekmekçi FG, Yalçın-Özdilek S, Yogurtçuoglu B, Gençoglu L (2014) Condition, length-weight and length-length relationships for five fish species From Hirfanli Reservoir, Turkey. Journal of, 8(3): 208–213.

Korkmaz AŞ, Zencir O (2009) Annual dynamics of tapeworm, Ligula intestinalis parasitism in tench (Tinca tinca) from Beysehir Lake, Turkey. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 8(9): 1790–1793.

Kurupınar E, Öztürk MO (2009) A study on the helminth fauna linked to seasonal changes and size of the fish host, Leuciscus cephalus L., from Lake Dam Örenler, Afyonkarahisar. Turkish Journal of Parasitology 33(3): 248–253.

Loot G, Lek S, Brown SP, Guégan JF (2001) Phenotypic modification of roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) infected with Ligula intestinalis L. (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea). Journal of Parasitology 87(5): 1002–1010.

Mahon R (1976) Effect of the cestode Ligula intestinalis on spottail shiners, Notropis hudsonius. Canadian Journal of Zoology 54(12): 2227–2229.

McGuigan JB, Sommerville C (1985) Studies on the effects of cage culture of fish on the parasite fauna in a lowland freshwater loch in the west of Scotland. Zeitschrift fur Parasitenkunde 71: 673–682.

Mehlhorn H (2008) Encyclopedia of parasitology. Volume 1. Springer.

Mehraban HR, Sayyadzadeh G, Malekzehi H, Ahmadi A (2014) First report of infection with the tapeworm Ligula intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1758) plerocercoids in Persian bleak, Alburnus hohenackeri Kessler, 1870 in Southeastern Iran. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 1(1): 12–16.

Özbek M, Öztürk MO (2010) Investigations on Ligula intestinalis plerocercoid L., 1758 infection of some fishes from Dam Lake Kunduzlar (Kırka, Eskişehir). Turkish Journal of Parasitology 3(2): 112–117.

Öztürk MO, AltuneL FN (2001) The occurrence of cestodes in four species (Blicca bjoerkna, Rutilus rutilus, Scardinius erythropthalmus, Vimba vimba) of Cyprinidae from Manyas Lake. Veterinary Journal of Ankara University 48(1): 43–50.

Ricker WE (1973) Linear regressions in fishery research. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 30: 409.

Roberts LS, Janovy J (2000) Foundations of parasitology. McGraw-Hill, Boston.

Saç G, Serezli EE, Okgerman H (2016) The occurrence of Ligula intestinalis in its fish host Rutilus rutilus (L) and the effects of parasite on the fish growth (Büyükçekmece Reservoir, Turkey). Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research 2(3): 142–150.

Schabuss M, Gemeiner M, Gleiß A, Lewıs JW, Miller I, Möstl E, Schober U, Tschulenk W, Grillitsch B (2005) Ligula intestinalis infection as a potential source of bias in the bioindication of endocrine disruption in the European chub Leuciscus cephalus. Journal of helminthology, 79(1): 91–94.

Song HB, Park GM (2018) Infection status with plerocercoid of ligulid tapeworm in cyprinid fish from three lakes in Republic of Korea. Helminthologia 55(3): 251–255.

Sweeting RA (1977) Studies on Ligula intestinalis, some aspects of the pathology in the second intermediate host. Journal of Fish Biology 10: 43–50.

Tesch W (1971) Age and growth. In: Ricker WE (ed) Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters, 2nd edition. International Biological Programme, Oxford and Edinburgh.

Trubiroha A, Wuertz S, Frank SN, Sures B, Kloas W (2009) Expression of gonadotropin subunits in roach (Rutilus rutilus, Cyprinidae) infected with plerocercoids of the tapeworm Ligula intestinalis (Cestoda). International Journal for Parasitology 39: 1465–1473.

Turgut E, Develi N, Yesilayer N, Buhan E (2011) Seasonal occurrence of Ligula intestinalis infection in cyprinids from Almus Dam Lake (Turkey). KSÜ Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 14(3): 9–11.

Vanacker M, Masson G, Beisel JN (2012) Host switch and infestation by Ligula intestinalis L. in a silver bream (Blicca bjoerkna L.) population. Parasitology 139(3): 406–417.

Worthington EB, Ricardo CK (1936) Scientific results of the Cambridge Expedition to the East African Lakes, 1930-1.—No. 15. The fish of Lake Rudolf and Lake Baringo. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 39(267): 353–389.

Yıldız HY, Korkmaz AŞ, Zencir Ö (2003) The infection of tench (Tinca tinca) with Ligula intestinalis plerocercoids in Lake Beyşehir (Turkey). Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists 23(5): 223–227.

Záhorská E, Kováč V, Falka I, Beyer K, Katina S, Copp GH, Gozlan RE (2009) Morphological variability of the Asiatic cyprinid, topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva, in its introduced European range. Journal of Fish Biology 74(1): 167–185.

Zhokhov AE, Pugacheva MN (2012) Distribution and occurrence of Ligula intestinalis (L.) plerocercoids (Cestoda, Ligulidae) in the fishes of Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Inland Water Biology 5(3): 293–298.

How to Cite
Benzer, S. (2020). Ligula intestinalis infection of Pseudorasbora parva in Hirfanlı Dam Lake, Kırşehir, Turkey. Journal of Fisheries, 8(1), 762-767.