Evaluation of fermented African mesquite seed (Prosopis africana) on growth and nutrient digestibility of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings

  • Shina Al-Habeeb Aroyehun Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0010-470X
  • Wilfred Olusegun Alegbeleye Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3944-8382
  • Olubunmi Temilade Agbebi Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Abiodun Akinde Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1753-655X
Keywords: Economic efficiency, leguminous plants, Nile tilapia, proximate analysis

Abstract

Production of cheap and quality dietary protein to replace the expensive conventional protein was studied in an 84-day feeding trial of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. African mesquite (Prosopis africana) seeds were subjected to fermentation processes and four iso-nitrogenous diets (35% crude protein) were formulated to contain graded levels of fermented African mesquite seed meal (FMS) to replace soybean meal (SBM) at four inclusion levels (0%, 15%, 30% and 45%) replicated in a completely randomised design. Proximate analysis showed increased in crude protein (35.10% to 41.29%), amino acids concentration, minerals content (calcium and phosphorus) while there were reductions in crude fibre (7.79% to 2.13%), crude lipids (4.02% to 2.67%) and anti-nutritional factors of FMS. The highest protein digestibility of 83.35% was recorded in FMS30 while FMS15 showed the least (77.07%). Carcass compositions were affected by diets composition. The minimum feeding cost of US$ 0.88 kg−1 was registered in FMS45 while FMS15 recorded the highest value of US$ 1.37 kg−1. In conclusion, 45% of FMS could replace SBM without compromising growth performance of Nile tilapia.

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Published
2021-05-27
How to Cite
Aroyehun, S. A.-H., Alegbeleye, W. O., Agbebi, O. T., & Akinde , A. (2021). Evaluation of fermented African mesquite seed (Prosopis africana) on growth and nutrient digestibility of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings. Journal of Fisheries, 9(2), 92202. Retrieved from https://journal.bdfish.org/index.php/fisheries/article/view/JFish92202