Lengths, length-length relationships and condition factor of Indian catfish Gagata cenia (Hamilton, 1822) in the Padma River, Bangladesh

  • Nipa Chaki Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh
  • Md. Abdur Razzaq Joadder Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh
  • Md. Foyzul Hassan Fahad Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh
Keywords: Gagata cenia, Padma River, length-length relationship, condition factor


This study described some biological parameters including lengths, length-length relationships and Fulton’s condition factors of Gagata cenia in the Padma River of Bangladesh, based on 1120 specimens collected from May to November, 2012. Maximum 39.78% female fishes were belonging to the length category of 55-60 mm whereas 51.06% male were belonging to 50-55 mm.The highest mean total lengths were found 66.51±10.28 mm (combined sex), 70.12±09.49 mm (female) and 61.08±09.45 mm (male) in the month of June. Similar findings are also presented for standard length, fork length, body depth, dorsal length, pectoral length, pelvic length and anal length. Linear relationships were also studied among mentioned lengths. Strong positive correlations were observed in all cases. Speraman’s Rank test indicated that there was a strong, positive correlation between total length and condition factor in female, which was statistically significant (rs=0.210, P=0.044). In male, there was no significant correlation between these two (rs=0.167, P=0.262). The Mann-Whitney U-test showed that the female individuals had the highest condition factor (Mean rank of 79.76). There was a statistically significant differences in the Fulton’s condition factor between males and females (two tailed, Mann-Whitney U = 1324).


Alam MM, Galib SM, Islam MM, Flowra FA and Hussain MA (2012) Morphometric study of the wild population of pool barb, Puntius sophore (Hamilton, 1822) in the river Padma, Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Trends in Fisheries Research 1(2): 10-13.

Amin AKMR, Parvez I, Zaman MB and Amin HA (2009) Study of the Present Status of Endangered Small Indigenous Species (SIS) of Fish in the Natural Waters of the North-West Part of Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Science& Natural Resources 2(2): 163-168.

Bhuiyan AL (1964) Fishes of Dacca. Asiatic Society of Pakistan, Dacca, pp. 65-66.

Bhuiyan AS and Biswas B (1982) Studies on the morphometry of Puntius chola (Hamilton-Buchanan) (Cyprinidae: Cypriniformes). University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University 1: 29-34.

Dadzie S, Abou-Seedo F and Manyala JO (2008) Length-length relationship, length-weight relationship, gonadosomatic index, condition factor, size at maturity and fecundity of Parastromateus niger (Carangidae) in Kuwaiti waters. Journalof Applied Ichthyology 24(3): 334-336. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01061.x

DoF (2013) Compendium National Fish Week 2013. Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Animal Resources, Dhaka, Bangladesh, p. 129

Flowra FA, Alam MB, Hossain MA, Samad MA and Galib SM (2009) Livelihood Aspects of Fishermen of the Dahia Beel under Natore District, Bangladesh, Bangladesh Journal of Progressive Scienceand Technology7(2): 283-284.

FRSS (2009) Fisheries Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh 2007-2008, Fisheries Resource Survey System, Department of Fisheries, Bangladesh 25(1): 1-42.

Galib SM, Samad MA, Mohsin ABM, Flowra FA and Alam MT (2009) Present status of fishes in the Chalan Beel- The largest beel (wetland) of Bangladesh. International Journal of Animal and Fishery Science 2(3): 214-218.

Galib SM, Naser SMA, Mohsin ABM, Chaki N and Fahad MFH (2013) Fish diversity of the river Choto Jamuna, Bangladesh: Present status and conservation needs. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 5(6): 389-395. DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2013.0552

Hamilton F (1822) An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edinburgh & London. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. pp. 1-405.

Hile R (1936) Age and growth of the cisco, Liucichthya artedi (Le Sueur) in the lakes of the northern highlands, Wisconsin. Fishery Bulletin U.S. 48(19): 211-317.

Hoque MA and Hossain MA (1992) Length-weight relationship and condition factor of the cat fish Mystus vittatus (Bloch) (Cypriniformes: Bagridae). University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University 10 & 11: 113-114.

Hossain MY, Ahmed ZF, Leunda PM, Jasmine S, Oscoz J, Miranda R and Ohtomi J (2006) Condition, length-weight and length-length relationships of the Asian striped catfish Mystus vittatus (Bloch, 1794) (Siluriformes: Bagridae) in the Mathabhanga River, southwestern Bangladesh. Journal of AppliedIchthyology 22(4): 304-307. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00803.x

Htun-Han M (1978) The reproductive biology of the dab Limanda limanada (L.) in the North Sea: gonadosomatic index, hepatosomatic index and condition factor. Journal of Fish Biology 13(1): 351-377

IUCN Bangladesh (2000) Red book of threatened fishes of Bangladesh. IUCN- The world conservation union. xii+116 pp.

Le Cren ED (1951) The length weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weights and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). Journal of Animal Ecology 20: 201-219

Mijkherjee M, Praharaj A and Das S (2002) Conservation of endangered fish stocks through artificial propagation and larval rearing technique in West Bengal, India. Aquaculture Asia 2: 8-11.

Muchlisin ZA, Musman M and Azizah MNS (2010) Length-weight relationships and condition factors of two threatened fishes, Rasbora tawarensis and Poropuntius tawarensis, endemic to Lake LautTawar, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 26(6): 949-953. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2010.01524.x

Rahman AKA (1989) Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh, first edition. The Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp. 220-221.

Rahman AKA (2005) Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh, second edition. The Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp. 240-242.

Raknuzzaman M (2007) Gagata cenia (Hamilton, 1822). In: Siddiqui KU, Islam MA, Kabir SMH, Ahmed M, Ahmed ATA, Rahman AKA, Haque EU, Ahmed ZU, Begum ZNT, Hassan MA, Khondoker M and Rahman MM (eds.) Encyclopedia of flora and fauna of Bangladesh Vol. 23 freshwater fishes. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, pp. 141-142.

Richter TJ (2007) Development and evaluation of standard weight equations for bridgelip suckers and largescale suckers. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27(3): 936-939. DOI: 10.1577/M06-087.1

Samad MA, Asaduzzaman M, Galib SM, Kamal MM and Haque MR (2010) Availability and Consumer Preference of Small Indigenous Species (SIS) of the River Padma at Rajshahi, Bangladesh. International Journal of BioResearch 1(5): 27-31.

Sarkar UK, Deepak PK and Negi RS (2009) Length-weight relationship of clown knifefish Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822) from the River Ganga basin, India. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 25(2): 232-233. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01206.x

Sinovčic G (2004) Growth and length-weight relationship of the juvenile anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus, in the nursery ground (Zrmanja River estuary-eastern Adriatic Sea). Journal of Applied Ichthyology 20(1): 79-80. DOI: 10.1046/j.0175-8659.2003.00517.x

Talwar PK and Jhingran AG (1991) Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries, Vol. 2. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi-Calcutta, pp. 637-638.

Tandon KK, Johal MS and Bala S (1993) Morphometry of Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton) from Kanjli wetland, Punjab, India. Panjab University Research Journal (Science) 43(1-4): 73-78.

Tareque AMHB, Biswas B, Hossain MS, Rahman MM and Rahman MM (2009) Some aspects of biology of Puntius sophore (Hamilton) collected from the Mouri River, Khulna, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Research Publications Journal 2(2): 406-422.

Thompson PM, Sultana P, Islam MN, Kabir MM, Hossain MM and Kabir MS (1999) Overview of the community based fisheries management project achievements and implications. Paper presented in the national workshop on community based fisheries management and future strategies for inland fisheries in Bangladesh, 1999. Dhaka, pp. 1-11.

How to Cite
Chaki, N., Joadder, M. A. R., & Fahad, M. F. H. (2013). Lengths, length-length relationships and condition factor of Indian catfish Gagata cenia (Hamilton, 1822) in the Padma River, Bangladesh. Journal of Fisheries, 1(1), 22-29. Retrieved from https://journal.bdfish.org/index.php/fisheries/article/view/JFish_4
Original Articles