Fishing devices of the river Siang in Arunachal Pradesh, India

  • Biplab Kumar Das Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, Assam University, Silchar 788011, Assam, India
  • Ngasepam Romen Singh Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, Assam University, Silchar 788011, Assam, India
  • Prasanna Boruah Assam Remote Sensing Application Centre and Assam Science Technology and Environmental Council, Guwahati 781005, Assam, India
  • Devashish Kar Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics and School of Life Sciences, Assam University, Silchar 788011, Assam, India
Keywords: Fish, fishing methods, rivers, Siang, Arunachal Pradesh


Fish is one of the best sources of animal protein of the food. Fishing and hunting are the oldest profession of all mankind since man began his search of food. Traditional fishing catching devices which were operated in River Siang, Arunachal Pradesh have been studied with respect to its operation, structure and productivity. The small depicted work highlight 13 different types fish catching devices, which have been classified into 5 different types viz., (i) Encircling Gear (Khewali Jal, Angtha Jal and Ber Jal or Jeng Jal) (ii) Entangling Gear (Langi or Current Jal and Phansi Jal) (iii) Scooping Gear (Sip Jal and Thela Jal) (iv) Hooks and Line fishing (Nal Barshi and Doogabanshi) (v) Traps (Chepa, Dingora, Polo, and Kholaha). The present study was carried out from June 2012 to July 2013 in a 58km stretch of River Siang in East Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh. Some methods can be considered as traditional as well as non-traditional since they are well known in some other states of North-East as well as also in the country with some different kind of variation. Various fishing techniques depend on various behavioral pattern and microhabitat type of fishes.


Brandt AV (1972) Fish catching method of the world. Fishing News (Book) Ltd. London.

Baruah D and Hazarika LP (2011) Present environmental and biodiversity status of the Down Stream of Subansiri River basin, Riparian Zone and Forest: A Pre-Impact assessment of the 2000 MW Lower Subansiri Dam. Final Technical Report of UGC Major Research Project.

Chaki N, Jahan S, Fahad MFH, Galib SM and Mohsin ABM (2014) Environment and fish fauna of the Atrai River: global and local conservation perspective. Journal of Fisheries 2(3): 163-172. DOI: 10.17017/jfish.v2i3. 2014.46

Chakravartty P and Sharma S (2013) Different Types of Fishing Gears used by the Fishermen in Nalbari district of Assam. International Journal of Social Science and Interdisciplinary Research 2(3): 177-191.

Das BK and Kar D (2011) Habitat Mapping, Spatial Analysis of Fish Diversity of River Subansiri during winter season in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh (India). Environment and Ecology 29 (4A): 1948-1951.

Das BK, Boruah P and Kar D (2014) Study of Seasonal Variation of Water Quality of River Siang in Arunachal Pradesh, India. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT) 8(2IV): 11-20.

Dey SC (1981) Studies on Hydro-biological condition of some commercially important lakes (Beels) of Kamrup district of Assam and their bearing on fish production, Final Technical Report, North-Eastern Council (Govt. of India), Shillong. 177 pp.

Dutta R and Bhattacharjya BK (2008) An indigenous community fishing practice of Tirap district, Arunachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of. Traditional Knowledge 7(4): 624-626.

Dutta R and Bhattacharjya BK (2009) A traditional fishing method of Assam for catfishes using duck meat as an attractant. Indian Journal of. Traditional Knowledge 8(2): 234-236.

FAO (1974) Design of Fisheries Statistical Surveys: Inland Waters. FAO Technical Paper 133, pp. 1-122.

Galib SM, Samad MA, Kamal MM, Haque MA and Hasan MM (2009) A Study on Fishing Gears and Methods in the Chalan Beel of North-West Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Science & Natural Resources 2(2): 213-218.

Galib SM, Samad MA, Hossain MA, Mohsin ABM and Haque SMM (2010) Small Indigenous Species of Fishes (SISF) in Chalan Beel with Reference to their Harvesting and Marketing. Bangladesh Journal of Progressive Science and Technology 8(2): 251-254.

Galib SM, Naser SMA, Mohsin ABM, Chaki N and Fahad MFH (2013) Fish diversity of the River Choto Jamuna, Bangladesh: Present status and conservation needs. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 5(6): 389-395. DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2013.0552

Gurumayum SD, Arun G and Nandeesha MC (2006) Women participation in fisheries activities in Manipur valley in India with traditional fish based beliefs and customs. In: Global symposium on Gender and Fisheries World Fish Center, Penang. pp. 149-158.

Gurumayum SD and Choudhury M (2007) Fishing methods in the rivers of North-East India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 8 (2): 237-241.

Imnatoshi and Ahmed SU (2012) Geomorphology and Seasonal Variations of Physicochemical Parameters of Doyang River, Nagaland. The Ecosca 6(1 and 2): 05-09.

Islam MR, Das B, Baruah D, Biswas SP and Gupta A (2013) Fish Diversity and Fishing Gears used in the Kulsi River of Assam, India. Annals of Biological Research 4(1): 289-293.

Jayaram KC (2010) The freshwater fishes of the Indian region. Narendra Publ. House (Delhi). Second revised edition. xxxi+616 pp.

Kalita B, Dutta A, Bhagabati SK and Sharma A (2010) Indigenous technical knowledge for fish harvesting in Karbi-anlong district of Assam. Indian Journal of. Traditional Knowledge 9(2): 252-255.

Kar D (2007) Fundamentals of Limnology and Aquaculture Biotechnology. Daya Publishing House. New Delhi. India. xvi+609 pp.

Kar D, Barbhuiya AH, Ariffuddin, Barbhuiya MA, Chetia P, Islam R and Rahman S (2007) Traditional Riverine Fish Catching Devices of Assam. Fishery Technology 44(2): 137-146.

Khanna SS (2003) An Introduction to fishes. Central Book Distributors, Allahabad, India. xii+636 pp.

Lal KB (1969) An Introduction to Fishing Gear Technology. 1st edition, Metropolitan Book Co. Pvt., Delhi, India. pp. 1-229.

Lalthanzara H and Lalthanpuii PB (2009) Traditional Fishing methods in Rivers and Streams of Mizoram, North-East India. Miprograss 9(4): 188-194.

McClanahan TR, Sebastian CR, Cinner J, Maina J, Wilson S and Graham NAJ (2011) Managing fishing gear to encourage ecosystem-based management of coral reefs fisheries. Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Ft. Lauderdale. pp. 1012-1016.

Mohsin ABM, Haque SMM, Galib SM, Fahad MFH, Chaki N, Islam MN and Rahman MM (2013) Seasonal Abundance of Fin Fishes in the Padma River at Rajshahi District, Bangladesh. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences 5(6): 680-685. DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wjfms.2013.05.05.75109.

Mohsin ABM, Yeasmin F, Galib SM, Alam B and Haque SMM (2014) Fish fauna of the Andharmanik River in Patuakhali, Bangladesh. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 21(5): 802-807. DOI: 10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2014.21.05.8415.

Nath P and Dey SC (2000) Fish and Fisheries of North Eastern India (Arunachal Pradesh), Narendra Publishing House, Delhi, India.

Remesan MP, Pravin P and Meenakumari B (2009) Non-selective Fishing Gears and Sustainability Issues in the Hooghly-Matlah Estuary in West Bengal, India. Asian Fisheries Science 22: 297-308.

Sharma R (2001) Traditional Fishing Methods and Fishing Gears of Assam. Fishing Chimes 20(12): 23.

Srivastava PK and Srivastava SJ (2011) Indigenous fishing gears in Suraha Lake, Ballia, Uttar Pradesh, India. Journal of Wetlands Ecology 5: 73-78.

Talwar PK and Jhingran AG (1991) Inland Fishes or India and Adjacent Countries, Vol I and Vol II. Oxford and IBH Co, Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, India.

Tynsong H and Tiwari BK (2008) Traditional knowledge associated with fish harvesting practices of War Khasi community of Meghalaya. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 7(4): 618-623.

Upadhyay AD and Singh BK (2013) Indigenous Fishing devices in use of capture fishing in Tripura. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 12(1): 149-156.

How to Cite
Das, B. K., Singh, N. R., Boruah, P., & Kar, D. (2015). Fishing devices of the river Siang in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Fisheries, 3(2), 251-258.