A review on Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) with an emphasis on its conservation

Sandipan Gupta, Samir Banerjee

Abstract


Labeo calbasu is a freshwater fish species and is the most important carp species next to three Indian Major Carps Labeo rohita, Catla catla and Cirrhinus mrigala. It is a popular food fish and also is admired as a sport fish. Recently this fish species has also made its entry in ornamental fish markets of India and abroad. In last few years, the natural populations of this fish species has seriously declined due to over fishing and other anthropological reasons. In India it has been reported as Lower Risk near Threatened and in Bangladesh as endangered species. Earlier number of works has been conducted on different aspects of Labeo calbasu including food and feeding habit and reproductive biology. This report has been prepared with a view to sum up all those previously documented information along with pointing out the missing information further study of which will be beneficial for its fishery. Apart from this, it has been tried to note down some possible measures which should be considered for its conservation.

Keywords


Feeding habit; reproductive biology; conservation; Labeo calbasu

Full Text:

PDF (158 KB)

References


Alam M, Amin SMN and Haroon AKY (2000) Population dynamics of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) in the Sylhet basin. Indian Journal of Fisheries 47(1): 1-6.

Alikunhi KH (1952) On the food of young carp fry. Journal of Zoological Society of India 4(1): 77-84.

Alikunhi KH (1957) Fish culture in India. Farmers Bulletin of Indian Council of Agricultural Research 20: 144.

Bhuiyan AL (1964) Fishes of Dacca. Asiatic Society of Pakistan, Dacca, 148 pp.

Bhuiyan AS, Akhter J and Noor ASM (2013) Efficacy of two inducing agents, PG and DOM+sGnRH on the induced breeding of the major carp, Kalibaus (Labeo calbasu). Our Nature 11(1): 17-24.

CAMP (1998) Conservation assessment and management plan for freshwater fishes of India. In: Workshop Report. Molur, S. and Walker, S. (eds.). Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore/CBGS and NBFGR, Lucknow, India, 158 pp.

Chacko PI and Kurian GK (1949) Feeding and breeding habits of the common carp of south India. Proceedings of 36th Indian Science Congress (Allahabad), Pt. 3 Abstracts: 167.

Chatterji A, Ali M and Mumtaz A (1980) A note on the length-weight relationship of kalbasu, Labeo calbasu (Ham.). Indian Journal of Fisheries 27(1-2): 261-263.

Chaudhuri H (1959) Notes on the external characters distinguishing sex of breeders of the common Indian carps. Science and Culture 25(10): 238-239.

Chetia Borah B, Gogoi R and Rahman A (2014) Performance of orange fin labeo, Labeo calbasu (Hamilton 1822) as a component of polyculture system. Journal of Fisheries 2(1): 86-89. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17017/jfish.v2i1.2014.20

Chondar SL (1999) Biology of Finfish and Shellfish. SCSC Publishers, India, 514 pp.

Das P and Barat A (1990) Fish habitat degradation necessitating conservation. Environmental Series 4: 85-89.

Das SM and Moitra SK (1955) Studies on the food of some common fishes of Uttar Pradesh, India. I. The surface feeders, the mid feeders and the bottom feeders. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India (B) 25(1-2): 1-6.

Das SM and Moitra SK (1963) Studies on the food and feeding habits of some freshwater fishes of India. IV. A review on the food and feeding habits, with general conclusions. Ichthyologica 11(1-2): 107-115.

Das SM and Srivastava AK (1979) On the relative gut length (RLG) in some food fishes of Uttar Pradesh with changes from fingerlings to adult stage. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 11(1): 6-11.

Dasgupta M (2001) Morphological adaptation of the alimentary canal of four Labeo species in relation to their food and feeding habits. Indian Journal of Fisheries 48(3): 255-257.

Day F (1878) The fishes of India being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma and Ceylon. William Dowson and Sons, London, 778 pp.

Dwivedi AC, Tewari NP and Singh KR (2004) Present structure of capture and culture fishery of the Faizabad district (U.P.). Bioved 15: 95-98.

Gupta RA and Tyagi RK (1992) Analytical approach to analysis of fish stock of Ganga river system. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 24: 20-27.

Gupta S and Banerjee S (2014) Indigenous ornamental fish trade of West Bengal. Narendra Publishing House, New Delhi, 63 pp.

Gupta S, Dutta D and Banerjee S (2012) Changing trend in ornamental fish markets of Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Fishing Chimes 32(9): 61-63.

Gupta SP and Jhingran AG (1973) Ageing Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) through its scales. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 5: 126-128.

Haroon AKY, Alam M, Alam SMN, Dewan S and Islam S (2002) Population dynamics of Gangetic major carps from the Sylhet basin, Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Fisheries 49(2): 161-168.

Hasan MR, Nahiduzzaman M, Hossain MAR and Alam MS (2013) Population genetic structure of an endangered carp, Labeo calbasu (Hamilton, 1822) revealed by heterologous microsatellite DNA markers. Croatian Journal of Fisheries 71: 65-73. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14798/71.2.648

Hassan MM, Nahiduzzaman M, Mamun SNA, Taher MA and Hossain MAR (2014) Fertilization by refrigerator stored sperm of the Indian major carp, Labeo calbasu (Hamilton, 1822). Aquaculture Research 45(1): 150-158. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2012.03214.x

Hora SL and Pillay TVR (1962) Hand book of fish culture in the Indo-Pacific Region. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 14, 204 pp.

Hossain MAR, Nahiduzzaman M, Saha D, Khanam MUH and Alam MS (2010) Landmark based morphometrics of an endangered carp kalibaus, Labeo calbasu stocks. Zoological Studies 49(4): 556-563.

IUCN Bangladesh (2000) Red book of threatened fishes of Bangladesh, IUCN- the World Conservation Union.

Kabir MA and Quddus MMA (2013) Fecundity and Gonado Somatic Index of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) from a pond of a hatchery at Faridpur, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 41(1): 43-48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjz.v41i1.23297

Khan H (1924) Observations on the breeding habits of some freshwater fishes in the Punjab. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 29(4): 958-962.

Khan H (1934) Habits and habitats of food fishes of the Punjab. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 37(3): 655-668.

Khan MA (1988) Biology of Labeo calbasu (Ham.) from Tilaiya reservoir, Bihar I. Length-weight relationship, condition index and feeding habits. Proceeding of National Academy of Sciences, India 56B: 41-70.

Khumar F and Siddiqui MS (1989) Food and feeding habits of the carp Labeo calbasu Ham. In north Indian waters. ACTA Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 19(1): 33-47.

Menon AGK (1999) Checklist-Freshwater fishes of India. Records of Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No 175, 366 pp.

Mishra S and Saksena DN (2012) Gonado Somatic Index and fecundity of an Indian major carp Labeo calbasu in Gohad reservoir. The Bioscan 7(1): 43-46.

Mishra SS, Pradhan P, Dutta NC and Chakraborty SK (2001) Studies on the performance of ovatide on breeding of Indian major carps. Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association 28: 125-129.

Mookerjee HK and Mazumdar SR (1944) On the life history of Labeo calbasu (Ham.). Journal of Department of Science Calcutta University 1(4): 59-69.

Mookerjee HK, Ganguly DN and Mazumdar TC (1946) On the food of estuarine fishes of Bengal. Science and Culture 11(10): 564.

Naeem M, Bhatti AH and Nouman MF (2012) External morphological study of wild Labeo calbasu with reference to body weight, total length and condition factor from the River Chenab, Punjab, Pakistan. International Scholarly and Scientific Research & Innovation 6(7): 349-352.

Nahiduzzaman M, Hassan MM, Roy PK, Hossain MA, Hossain MAR and Tiersch TR (2012) Sperm cryopreservation of the Indian major carp, Labeo calbasu: Effects of cryoprotectants, cooling rates and thawing rates on egg fertilization. Animal Reproduction Science 136(1-2): 133-138. DOI: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2012.10.023

Narejo NT and Rahmatullah SM (2010) Studies on the grazing rate of Culibaush, Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) on periphyton. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 42(1): 53-56.

Natarajan AV (1972) Project report in 2nd workshop of All India Co-ordinated research project on ecology and fisheries of fresh water reservoir. Indian Council of Agricultural Research Report, 33 pp.

Natarajan V (1971) Biology and fishery of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) in Bhabanisagar reservoir. Madras Journal of Fishery 6: 14-56.

Nautiyal P, Shivam A, Rawat G, Singh KR, Varma J and Dwivedi AC (2004) Longitudinal variation in structure of benthic communities in the upland Vindhyan and Himalayan: River continuum concept approach. National Journal of Life Sciences 1: 85-88.

Pathak SC (1975) Length-weight relationship, condition factor and food study of Labeo calbasu (Ham.) from the reservoir (M.P.). Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 7: 58-64.

Pathak SC and Jhingran AG (1977) Maturity and fecundity of Labeo calbasu (Ham.) of Loni reservoir, Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 9: 72-83.

Qasim SZ and Qayyum A (1961) Spawning frequencies and breeding seasons of some freshwater fishes with special reference to those occurring in the plains of Northern India. Indian Journal of Fisheries 8(1): 24-43.

Rahman AKA (2005) Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 263 pp.

Rajagopal KV and Rao NGS (1975) On the occurrence of Labeo calbasu (Ham.) with a falcate fin in a hill stream in south Canara district (Karnataka). Current Science 4: 7.

Rao GR and Rao LH (1972) On the biology of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) from the River Godavari. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 4: 74-86.

Riede K (2004) Global register of migratory species- from global to regional scales. Final report of the R&D –project 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany, 329 pp.

Rizvi AF, Amitabh CD and Singh KP (2012) Growth pattern of Labeo calbasu (Ham) affected by Socio-geographical condition of the riverine habit. Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences 4(3): 250-257.

Sahu PK, Jena JK, Das PC, Mondal S and Das R (2007). Production performance of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) in polyculture with three Indian major carps Catla catla (Hamilton), Labeo rohita (Hamilton) and Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton) with provision of fertilizers, feed and periphytic substrate as varied inputs. Aquaculture 262(2-4): 333-339. DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.11.016

Shaw GE and Shebbeare EO (1937) The fishes of Northern Bengal. Journal of Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal (Science) 3(1): 1-137.

Singh HR, Payne AI, Pandey SK and Singh PR (1998) Time scale changes in the catch structure of fishery in Allahabad. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, India 68B: 15-21.

Sukumaran KK (1969) Growth, maturation and fecundity of cultivated fishes. FAO/UNDP Regional seminar on induced breeding of cultivated fishes, Calcutta. Rome, FAO, 52 pp.

Talwar PK and Jhingran AG (1991) Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Vol-1 and Vol-2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, Bombay and Calcutta, India, 1063 pp.

Vinci GK and Sugunan VV (1981) Biology of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton) from Nagarjunsagar reservoir, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 13: 22-39.

Wahab MA, Azim ME, Ali MH, Beveridge MCM and Khan S (1999) The potential of periphyton-based culture of the native major carp calbasu, Labeo calbasu (Hamilton). Aquaculture Research 30(6): 409-419.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17017/jfish.v3i3.2015.118

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





| Intellectual property: The Author(s) | Publication property: BdFISH | All contents of this site are protected under CC BY-NC-SA license. |
| The opinions expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of BdFISH. |

| Editor-in-Chief: Professor MN Islam | Editorial Team | Principal Contact |

| Note: If you unable to register as a new author or submit a manuscript through user panel, you may submit your manuscript through our editorial email (editor.journal@bdfish.org). |

| BdFISH Journal: The Scientific Publication of BdFISH (Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home) |