An overview of the traditional rice-prawn-fish farming in Kalia of Narail district, Bangladesh

Shams Muhammad Galib, ABM Mohsin, Nipa Chaki, Md. Foyzul Hassan Fahad, Sk. Md. Mohaimenul Haque

Abstract


This study was conducted in Narail district, Bangladesh between January and June, 2012; with a view to describing the status of rice- prawn-finfish based aquaculture practices. Average area of plots was 0.55±0.44 ha, of which mean ditch area was 4.35±2.02% of total land. All farmers dry their plots and made renovation prior to start of a new growing season followed by liming and fertilization. No standard stocking density was maintained, prawns were stocked at 15895 PL/ha, whereas fin fishes at 1551 seeds/ha. Commercial feed was applied in all the plots. Production of prawn, stocked and non-stocked finfishes were found 380.34±155.25 kg/ha; 713.65±352.99 kg/ha and 51.73±24.55 kg/ha respectively. Average cost and income for fish culture were 120514.07±36758.35 BDT/ha and 232497.48±76594.80 BDT/ha respectively. Average rice production was 4229.78±856.71 kg/ha. Low growth and high mortality of PL; scarcity, high and uprising price of feeds; and floods were identified as the major problems.

Keywords


Rice-fish farming; rice-fish plots; prawn farming; gher farming; white fish; freshwater aquaculture

Full Text:

PDF (442 KB) HTML

References


Ahmed N, Ahammed F and Lecouffe C (2007) Socio-economic aspects of small-scale freshwater prawn marketing systems in Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Aquaculture Economics & Management 11(4): 335-353. DOI: 10.1080/13657300701530324

Ahmed N, Allison EH and Muir JF (2008) Using the sustainable livelihoods framework to identify constraints and opportunities to the development of freshwater prawn farming in southwest Bangladesh. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 39(5): 598-611. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-7345.2008.00198.x

Ahmed N, Allison EH and Muir JF (2010) Rice fields to prawn farms: a blue revolution in southwest Bangladesh? Aquaculture International 18(4): 555-574. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-009-9276-0

Ali ML (2013) Prawn hatchery in Bangladesh: issues and wayout. In: National Fish Week 2013 Compendium. Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Dhaka, Bangladesh. pp. 97-100 (in Bengali).

Barmon BK, Kondo T and Osanami F (2008) Water productivity of HYV variety of paddy production: rice prawn and year-round paddy farming systems in Bangladesh. Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development 18: 99-118.

Chowdhury MA, Khairun Y, Salequzzaman M and Rahman MM (2011) Effect of combined shrimp and rice farming on water and soil quality in Bangladesh. Aquaculture International 19 (6): 1193-1206. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-011-9433-0

DoF (2013) National Fish Week 2013 Compendium. Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Dhaka, Bangladesh. p. 124 (in Bengali).

Galib SM, Naser SMA, Mohsin ABM, Chaki N and Fahad MFH (2013) Choice of Fishes for Consumption by the Rural People of Bangladesh. Trends in Fisheries Research 2(1): 20-23

Hossain MA and Islam MS (2006) Optimization of stocking density of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) in carp polyculture in Bangladesh. Aquaculture Research 37(10): 994-1000. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2006.01518.x

Islam MS, Rahman MR, Shahabuddin AKM and Ahmed R (2010) Changes in Wetlands in Dhaka City: Trends and Physico-Environmental Consequences. Journal of Life and Earth Science 5: 37-42. DOI: 10.3329/jles.v5i0.7348

Islam MS, Rahman MS, Haque MM and Sharmin S (2011) Economic study on production and marketing of shrimp and prawn seed in Bangladesh. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University 9(2): 247-256

Karim M (1978) Status and Potential of Bangladesh Fisheries (in Bengali). Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Dhaka, 125 pp.

Kunda M, Azim ME, Wahab MA, Dewan S, Roos N and Thilsted SH (2008) Potential of mixed culture of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii ) and self-recruiting small species mola (Amblypharyngodon mola) in rotational rice-fish/prawn culture systems in Bangladesh. Aquaculture Research 39(5): 506-517. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2008.01905.x

SH (2008) Potential of mixed culture of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii ) and self-recruiting small species mola (Amblypharyngodon mola) in rotational rice-fish/prawn culture systems in Bangladesh. Aquaculture Research 39(5): 506-517. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2008.01905.x

Mohsin ABM, Islam MN, Hossain MA and Galib SM (2012a) Cost-benefit Analyses of Carp Polyculture in Ponds: A Survey Study in Rajshahi and Natore Districts of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Environmental Science 23: 103-107.

Mohsin ABM, Islam MN, Hossain MA and Galib SM (2012b) Constraints and Prospects of Carp Production in Rajshahi and Natore Districts, Bangladesh. University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University 31: 69-72. DOI: 10.3329/ ujzru.v31i0.15435

Mohsin ABM, Reza MS and Galib SM (2012c) Uses of Chemicals in Aquaculture Ponds in Rajshahi District, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Progressive Science and Technology X(I): 061-064

Nahar A (2010) Impacts of different rice-fish-prawn culture systems on yield of rice, fish and prawn and limnological conditions. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University 8(1): 179-185.

Rahman MA (1995) Rice-Cum-Fish Farming. Fisheries Development Technologies. A Fish Fortnight Compendium. Fisheries Research Institute, Mymensingh, Bangladesh, pp. 44-45.

Rahman MA, Haque S and Sarma PK (2012) Socioeconomic impact of rice-cum-fish culture in a selected areas of Bangladesh. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University 10(1): 119-123.

Rahman MA, Mustafa MG and Barman BK (2011) Impacts of Aquaculture Extension Activities on Female Fish Farmers in Different Areas of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 39(2): 213-221.

Rahman S, Barmon BK and Ahmed N (2010) Diversification economies and efficiencies in a ‘blue-green revolution’ combination: a case study of prawn-carp-rice farming in the ‘gher’ system in Bangladesh. Aquaculture International 19(4): 665-682. DOI: 10.1007/s10499-010-9382-z

Wahab MA, Kunda M, Azim ME, Dewan S and Thilsted SH (2008) Evaluation of freshwater prawn-small fish culture concurrently with rice in Bangladesh. Aquaculture Research 39: 1524-1532. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2008.02025.x




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17017/jfish.v1i1.2013.1

Refbacks



Journal of Fisheries

| Intellectual property: The Author(s) | Publication property: BdFISH | All contents of this site are protected under CC BY-NC-SA license. |
| The opinions expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of BdFISH. |

| Editor-in-Chief: Professor MN Islam | Editorial Team | Principal Contact |

| BdFISH Journal: The Scientific Publication of BdFISH (Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home) |

Developed by BdFISH Workshop